Update

Updated Cereal/Oilseed/Pulse Maps for Yield, Acreage and Seeding Date Now Available

Manitoba Agriculture’s Crop Industry Branch and MASC has updated and posted yield, acreage and seeding date maps for cereal, oilseed and pulse crops at https://www.masc.mb.ca/masc.nsf/mmpp_index.html The maps can be found at the link above under the heading “Thematic Crop Maps“‎. Time frame in most cases is 2006 to 2015 (10 year), but 2011 to 2015 is also available for soybean, […]

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Update

Winter Wheat Survival – Impacted by Fall Management Decisions & the Weather!

For winter wheat, survival through our cold Manitoba winters is directly influenced by fall management decisions, including variety selection, seeding date and depth, adequate plant stands, fertility and stubble height/density. Optimal winter survival can also be influenced by fall weather conditions and snow cover. What is the ideal situation heading into the winter? Plant stage would be […]

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Question

Post-Emergent Weed Control in Xtend Soybeans – Slow Down and Be Careful

The future of side by side soybean fields using different herbicides is here with Xtend soybeans commercially available in 2017.  Having more herbicide tools to combat the herbicide resistant weeds is important, but careful use is critical, to prevent crop damage and stay friends with our neighbors. Here are a few things to consider: Non Xtend soybeans (and other crops) are easily damaged by dicamba – […]

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Update

Manitoba Crop Report #5 – June 5, 2017

Hot dry weather dominated the past week, with limited precipitation. Strong winds causing soil drifting in fields with limited ground cover. Seeding is 95% complete, with exception of The Pas region which is delayed from earlier heavy rains. Crops planted are advancing, with herbicide applications starting. Flea beetle feeding has been seen in canola. Haying […]

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Question

Quick Tips – Effective Post-Emergent Weed Control in Conventional Soybeans

If you have only grown glyphosate tolerant soybeans in the past, the move to conventional soybeans can offer up new challenges in regards to weed control. Good weed control is critical for maximizing yield.  Here are a few quick tips: Remember!! You can’t apply post-emergent glyphosate – Unlike glyphosate-tolerant soybeans, conventional soybeans are not a clean-up […]

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Question

Managing Water Hemlock in Hayland and Pasture

Like many carrot family weeds, spotted water hemlock populations in Manitoba have been spreading, likely due to wet conditions over the last several years. Managing populations in hayland and pasture is recommended since hemlock species are extremely poisonous to humans and livestock. Identifying Spotted Water Hemlock Proper identification is important since spotted water hemlock looks […]

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Question

Why is my Corn Purple?

Many Manitoba corn fields are showing some degree of leaf purpling this spring. Here’s a quick look at why leaves turn purple and what possible causes may be.   Leaf purpling is a sign of stress. The leaves are actively producing photosynthates (sugars) but conditions are not allowing normal sugar metabolism or translocation in the […]

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Question

Economics & Agronomics – Crop Management Decisions Need Both!

It’s an obvious statement to say successful farm management decisions need both agronomic and economic considerations. Farmers weigh out input cost versus the benefit to yield and quality of grain before making the decisions to buy and use new or additional products.  Agronomy and economic crop management goes much beyond inputs. Consideration of crop rotation, […]

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Question

Blackleg in Canola – to spray or not to spray?

Things to consider: Crop rotation – the tighter the rotation the higher the risk of blackleg Historic levels of blackleg in that field – have you experienced yield loss from blackleg? Weather forecast – infection requires free moisture (light-moderate rainfall, not soil saturation) Presence of inoculum –can you see leaf lesions on first true leaves? […]

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Update

Monitoring Real-Time Soil Temperatures in Manitoba Winter Wheat Fields

Over the past three winters, Manitoba Agriculture through the AgWeather Program has been measuring soil temperatures real-time in winter wheat fields.  The monitoring of soil temperatures can provide an early indication if there is a concern for winter injury or winterkill.  The earlier a problem is identified or suspected, we are able to provide that information to […]

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Update

Summary of Presentations from the International Congress of Entomology, September 25-30, 2016

Submitted & Summarized by: John Gavloski, Entomologist, Manitoba Agriculture The following link provides highlights from some of the presentations most pertinent to agronomists and farmers in Manitoba. Please contact me for further information on these presentations or meetings. Due to there being concurrent sessions at these meetings, there were many more presentations than what is presented […]

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Question

Don’t Overlook Group 2 Herbicide Resistance

You’ve probably read about media dubbed ‘superweeds’ like glyphosate-resistant palmer amaranth and giant ragweed. Glyphosate-resistant weeds often earn this distinction because they are viewed as a greater management hardship for producers than weeds resistant to other herbicide mechanisms of actions (MOAs).  And maybe rightly so.  Farmers dealing with glyphosate resistant weeds elsewhere in the world […]

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Update

Manitoba Crop Report #2 – May 8, 2017

Warm, dry and windy weather have prevailed across much on the province, allowing for field accessibility for field work and seeding. It is estimated 20-25% of seeding is complete, with cereal planting most advanced and field peas, canola, corn also being seeded. For to complete report, visit:  http://www.gov.mb.ca/agriculture/crops/seasonal-reports/crop-report-archive/crop-report-2017-05-08.html

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Question

What’s Wrong with My Spruce Trees?!?

Spruce is a common grown shelterbelt tree in Manitoba. They prefer acid soils, that are coarse textured with good drainage, have adequate water and sheltered from extreme weather conditions.  If conditions are not ideal, the trees will begin to decline and become more susceptible to pests.  If your trees are declining and you are considering using a […]

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Update

SEED MANITOBA 2017 NOW AVAILABLE!

SEED MANITOBA 2017, the Variety Selection and Growers Source Guide, is a collaborative effort between Manitoba Agriculture, the Manitoba Seed Growers’ Association and the Manitoba Cooperator.  SEED MANITOBA remains one of the best sources for unbiased variety performance information with yield and quality information collected at various sites across Manitoba. SEED MANITOBA 2017 will be […]

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Update

Manitoba Weed Update

Despite rainy and windy conditions, early post-emergent herbicide applications are nearing completion in most crops. Emergence of cool season annual weeds was relatively unaffected by earlier cool, dry conditions while emergence of warm season annual weeds was delayed, resulting in herbicide staging issues for some producers.  Emergence of warm season annuals, like redroot pigweed and […]

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Question

How Can I Reduce Fertilizer Losses in Dry Spring Soils?

Dry spring weather is great for seeding but may play havoc with some fertilizer applications and losses. 1.Seedplaced fertilizer – Where seedbed moisture is low or when weather is hot and windy, reduce the rates of seedplaced nitrogen  by approximately 50 per cent. Table 7 of the Manitoba Soil Fertility Guide  http://www.gov.mb.ca/agriculture/crops/soil-fertility/soil-fertility-guide/nitrogen.html indicates safe rates […]

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Update

Spring Cleaning – Include Disposal of Old Malathion!

If malathion is in your shed, it may be time to revisit your inventory. According to a recent advisory issued by Health Canada (http://healthycanadians.gc.ca/recall-alert-rappel-avis/hc-sc/2017/63150a-eng.php), Malathion products purchased prior to June 2016 should not be used. This advisory applies to all products including agricultural and mosquito control products containing malathion. The advisory was issued because over an […]

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Question

Crop Germination – What Soil Temperatures are Needed?

Soil temperature drives germination and seedling emergence, so how cold is too cold?  What is your soil temperature at your targeted seeding depth….today? Finally, when should you be measuring the soil temperature? The following are the minimum temperatures needed for germination to begin in various crops.  These values should be regarded as approximate, since germination depends on factors […]

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Update

Manitoba Ag Weather Network

Manitoba Agriculture has a number of weather stations across the province that measure air/soil temperature, soil moisture, wind direction and speed.  For local information please visit Central/East/Interlake Regions: http://www.gov.mb.ca/agriculture/weather/current-conditions-summary1.html Southwest/Northwest Regions: http://www.gov.mb.ca/agriculture/weather/current-conditions-summary2.html Previous Day on Highs/Lows and Average Soil Temperature at: Central/Easter/Interlake:http://www.gov.mb.ca/agriculture/weather/yesterdays-summary1.html  Southwest/Northwest: http://www.gov.mb.ca/agriculture/weather/yesterdays-summary2.html Another useful application of the data gathered by the network for […]

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Update

Summary of Insects on Crops in Manitoba in 2016

A “Summary of Insects on Crops in Manitoba in 2016” is posted on the Manitoba Agriculture insect page at the link http://www.gov.mb.ca/agriculture/crops/insects/pubs/2016-summary.pdf This report is based partially on observation by myself and my summer assistant. A large part of this information, however, is based on observations and reports from agronomists, farmers, farm production extension specialists, extension […]

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Question

Spring Options for Applying Nitrogen Fertilizer in 2017

With the wet conditions and delayed harvest experienced in parts of Manitoba in fall 2016, very few farmers were able to complete their fall fertilization program.  Since early seeding is important for optimizing crop yield, producers will be looking for ways to apply their N requirements efficiently without delaying the seeding operation.  In addition, soil […]

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Update

Many Options to View Current & Past Editions of Seed Manitoba

Did you know you can view the 2017 edition of Seed Manitoba, as well as past editions, on www.seedmb.ca?  Well, you can! Flip-view digital editions of the current guide (2017), as well as the six most recent editions, are available at http://www.seedmb.ca/digital-edition/. Also, full PDF versions are available at http://www.seedmb.ca/digital-edition/pdf-editions-and-separate-section-pdfs/ where you can download the entire […]

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Question

Seed Placed Fertilizer – Safe Rates

A reminder that if seedbeds turn dry, the safety margin shrinks when applying seed placed fertilizer.  Seedburn can result from ammonia toxicity and/or salt content of fertilizers. For nitrogen, our Soil Fertility Guide provided safe guidelines for seed placed urea on cereals and canola across a range of soil types and seed-fertilizer configurations.  With the […]

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Question

What is Waterpod?

Waterpod is: an annual weed occasionally found in agricultural fields; a mobile irrigation system; or a one person submarine?     If you chose a), you’d be right. Waterpod (Ellisia nyctelea L.) is an annual broadleaf plant native to Manitoba.  It’s often found in shaded, wooded areas but can also thrive in ditches and agricultural […]

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