Every year comes with its own challenges. When the challenges are cool/wet conditions and weeds, it’s important to understand weed biology, impact on crops and match the control measures accordingly.
Weed Emergence Timing Concerns:
- Weeds emerging earlier than the crop are highly competitive.
- Consider: If planting into fields with weeds already emerged, pre-seed control may be required (e.g. non-selective pre-seed herbicide or tillage)
- Weeds with delayed emergence or over an extended period can allow escapes.
- Consider: Selection of herbicides with residual activity or using a tankmix of herbicides with no residual and residual components. There may also be the need to consider multiple applications
Weed Control Management Issues:
- Cool cloudy/rainy weather following pre-seed or in-crop herbicide applications can reduce control or slowdown the rate of weed death, with extra concern if temperature are below 5 0C.
- Also large annual weeds, winter annuals and/or perennials control may be reduced
- Consider: Using the higher recommended herbicide rate for pre-seed treatments to assist in overcoming negative impacts of these cool temperatures. Caution has to be practiced that you follow the label and do not exceed the limits as crop injury may occur. If using tank mixes of two or more herbicides mixes must be applied according to the most restrictive use limitations for either product.
Remember, in-crop, with cool temperatures, there is potential for increased herbicide injury to the crops as the plants have reduced metabolism and may absorb more of the herbicide than normal.
Timing is important! If necessary, hire a custom applicator or plane to achieve the earlier spray timing. Waiting for favorable temperatures to proceed with spraying should be balanced with the size of weeds at time of application. If you have to spray in cool temperatures find out more about your chosen herbicide and the response of crops and weeds under cool conditions, spray when the temperature is at the maximum for the day and avoid application too early or too late in the day.
Also see May 22, 2014 Canola Watch post on weeds at http://www.canolawatch.org/2014/05/22/a-weedy-week/
MAFRD posting on Weed Management in Wet Weather at http://www.gov.mb.ca/agriculture/crops/production/weed-management-wet-weather.html