Manitoba Sclerotinia Risk Assessment Update

MAFRI currently does not produce sclerotinia risk maps like we do for Fusarium Head Blight, as we do not have a proven and consistent model to forecast sclerotinia risk. 

Since Manitoba producers grow multiple sclerotinia susceptible crop (canola, soybean, sunflower, dry bean, etc.), the inoculum is present in the environment, but risk and disease development is dependent on a combination of inoculum as well as day/night temperature, precipitation, crop canopy and soil moisture, which can vary from field to field.

 Scout and monitor your fields, you may be at greater risk and require a fungicide application if you have the following conditions:

 Canola:

  • Ground is damp to wet and,
  • Canopy is moderately closed to closed (i.e. you cannot see the ground through the leaves), and
  • Canopy is still damp to wet when walking through the field at 10am (i.e. your pants are wet), and
  • Field is at 20 – 50% flowering (you are wanting to cover the petal so when it falls into a humid canopy, it won’t be a viable food source for the sclerotinia to start on).

 Conditions can change throughout flowering.  If the canopy is somewhat open and dry at 20% flower you may not feel that you need to spray, but if there is a rainfall event and the canopy is wet at 30 – 40% flower, you may want spray then.

 Dry Bean:

  • Ground is damp to wet and,
  • Canopy is moderately closed and is continuing to close, and
  • 50 – 80% of the Field has started to flower (at least one open flower per plant)
  • Dry bean may require a second application at full flower, depending on the precipitation, temperature and canopy moisture

 Sunflower (for Sclerotinia Head Rot only) :

  • Ground has been damp to wet for the past week, and
  • Plants are at R5 (sunflower face is open with ray petals out, but pollination has not yet started)

Spraying for sclerotinia in soybean is not being considered at this time as flowering has not yet occurred. Damage and economic loss in soybean has only occured in one growing season on record. Sclerotinia development can occur under extreme wet and cool conditions, or the crop is significantly lodged and further information will be posted if these conditions do occur later on in the 2013 growing season. 

Canola Council of Canada July 3, 2013 New Release – Moisture Raises Sclerotinia Stem Rot Risk  http://canolacouncil.org/news/moisture-raises-sclerotinia-stem-rot-risk/                                                    

NSDU Sclerotinia Risk Map http://www.ag.ndsu.edu/sclerotinia/.  Please note this is based on temperature and precipitation only and is not based on individual field conditions

 

Prepared by:  Anastasia Kubinec – MAFRI Oilseed Crop Specialist  and  Holly Derksen – MAFRI Field Crop Pathologist

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