Manitoba Insect & Disease Update – Issue 7: June 29, 2016

The Manitoba Insect and Disease Update is now posted at: http://www.gov.mb.ca/agriculture/crops/seasonal-reports/insect-report-archive/insect-report-2016-06-29.html

Some highlights from the update:

Insects:

  • Alfalfa weevil is still at high levels in some alfalfa fields. Some alfalfa hay fields are being cut early as a result.
  • Pea aphid levels are near or above economic threshold in some pea fields, although levels are sporadic as other fields have quite low levels.
  • A map is provided that shows the percent of wheat midge that are expected to have emerged, based on models using degree days to calculate percent emergence. We are generally above average for degree day accumulation in Manitoba, and it is likely that wheat midge emergence has started in Manitoba, although in many areas it may only be about 10% of the wheat midge that have emerged (light yellow on the map). Some areas of Central and Southwest Manitoba may have closer to 50% emergence (darker yellow on the map).

Plant Pathogens:

  • Brown spot and root rots were found in some soybean fields.
  • Scouting should be continued for rust diseases in cereal crops.
  • A few cases of bacterial blight in cereal crops have been reported.
  • A few cases of downy mildew in sunflowers have been reported.

Submitted by: John Gavloski, Entomologist & Pratisara Bajracharya, Field Crop Pathologist, Manitoba Agriculture

Manitoba Agriculture website: www.manitoba.ca/agriculture
Manitoba Agriculture on Twitter: @MBGovAg
Manitoba Agriculture on YouTube: www.youtube.com/ManitobaAgriculture

 

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Manitoba Insect & Disease Update – Issue 6: June 22, 2016

The Manitoba Insect and Disease Update is now posted at: http://www.gov.mb.ca/agriculture/crops/seasonal-reports/insect-report-archive/insect-report-2016-06-22.html

Some highlights from the update:

Insects:

  • Cutworm and flea beetle levels and damage continues to decline.
  • Alfalfa weevil is being noted at high levels in some alfalfa fields
  • Barley thrips are quite noticeable in some barley fields in Eastern Manitoba.
  • Low levels of English gain aphid and oat-birdcherry aphid are being found in some cereal fields.
  • Pea aphid is showing up in some pea crops.

Plant Pathogens:

  • Cereal rust diseases continue to develop and spread.
  • Bacterial blight symptoms in winter wheat and oats were also reported.
  • Root rot pathogens continue to cause problems in soybean fields.

Submitted by: John Gavloski, Entomologist & Pratisara Bajracharya, Field Crop Pathologist, Manitoba Agriculture

Manitoba Agriculture website: www.manitoba.ca/agriculture
Manitoba Agriculture on Twitter: @MBGovAg
Manitoba Agriculture on YouTube: www.youtube.com/ManitobaAgriculture

 

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Manitoba Insect & Disease Update – Issue 5: June 15, 2016

The Manitoba Insect and Disease Update is now posted at: http://www.gov.mb.ca/agriculture/crops/seasonal-reports/insect-report-archive/insect-report-2016-06-15.html

SUMMARY:
Insects: Cutworms continue to be an issue in some areas. Flea beetle feeding continues, although foliar use of insecticides for flea beetle management has not been widespread. In many fields plants are now getting to stages more tolerant to feeding by flea beetles. Alfalfa weevil is being noted at high levels in some alfalfa fields.

Plant Pathogens: Rust diseases in cereal crops and sunflower have been observed in Manitoba. Root rots in soybeans have also been reported from various locations in Manitoba. Scouting and monitoring progression of disease symptoms in the field will help in making fungicide application decisions.

Several samples of soybeans showing root rot symptoms have been submitted to Manitoba Agriculture’s Crop Diagnostic lab. Root rot is soybeans are caused by pathogens like Fusarium spp, Phytophthora sojae, Rhizoctonia spp and Pythium spp

Submitted by: John Gavloski, Entomologist & Pratisara Bajracharya, Field Crop Pathologist, Manitoba Agriculture

Manitoba Agriculture website: www.manitoba.ca/agriculture
Manitoba Agriculture on Twitter: @MBGovAg
Manitoba Agriculture on YouTube: www.youtube.com/ManitobaAgriculture
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Manitoba Insect & Disease Update – Week of July 14th to 18th

A Manitoba Insect and Disease Update for the week of July 14-18, 2014 has been posted at: http://www.gov.mb.ca/agriculture/crops/seasonal-reports/insect-report-archive/insect-update-2014-07-16.html

Highlights include:

  • Flowering canola crop needs to be protected against white mold since there have been many rain events lately.
  • Phytophthora root rot of soybean has started showing up, especially in flooded fields.
  • Early lesions of sunflower rust have been found in a 2nd location.
  • Alfalfa weevil levels were quite noticeable in some alfalfa fields, but they are now starting to pupate, so levels are declining.

Submitted by: John Gavloski, Entomologist & Vikram Bisht, Pathologist, MAFRD

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Manitoba Insect & Disease Update – Week of June 16th

A Manitoba Insect and Disease Update for the week of June 16-20, 2014 has been posted at: http://www.gov.mb.ca/agriculture/crops/seasonal-reports/insect-report-archive/2014-06-17-insect-update.html

Highlights include:

  • Cutworms continue to be an issue in some areas.
  • Flea beetle populations remain a concern in some areas, although the cool weather and advance of many canola fields to stages more tolerant to feeding has resulted in decreased damage.
  • Grasshoppers are emerging, but generally still in the first and second instar stages.
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Juvenile grasshopper (left) and non-economical species of leafhopper (right) (MAFRD)

  • Alfalfa weevil larvae are starting to be noticed in some alfalfa fields.
  • Brown spot (Septoria) and bacterial leaf blight have been observed in soybeans.
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Early stage of bacterial blight spots and brown spot disease on unifoliate leaves of soybean (MAFRD)

Submitted by: John Gavloski, Entomologist & Vikram Bisht, Pathologist, MAFRD

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