Provincial 5-Year Average Yields for Cereal Crops in Manitoba

As Harvest 2016 progresses, there is always the question “How will this year’s yields compare to what producers typically see, i.e. average yields?”

If we use yield data reported by producers to Manitoba Agricultural Services Corporation (MASC)  over the last 5-year period (2011 to 2015), average cereal crop yields are as follows:

  • red spring wheat – 51 bushels per acre
  • feed wheat – 68 bushels per acre
  • CPS wheat – 48 bushels per acre
  • barley – 64 bushels per acre
  • oats – 91 bushels per acre
  • winter wheat – 63 bushels per acre
  • fall rye – 44 bushels per acre

Note: varieties insured as feed wheat can belong to a number of wheat classes, including Canada Western Soft White Spring (CWSWS), Canada Western Special Purpose (CWSP) and Canada Northern Hard Red (CNHR), as well as unregistered varieties.

So far in 2016, yields for cereal crops are ranging from average to above the 5-year average.  However, there is variability noted across the province, largely due to the amount of precipitation received over the growing season.

Submitted by:  Pam de Rocquigny, Provincial Cereal Crops Specialist, Manitoba Agriculture

Data source:  http://www.mmpp.com/mmpp.nsf/mmpp_browser_variety.html

Manitoba Agriculture website: www.manitoba.ca/agriculture
Manitoba Agriculture on Twitter: @MBGovAg
Manitoba Agriculture on YouTube: www.youtube.com/ManitobaAgriculture

 

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Acreage Seeded to the Various Wheat Classes in Manitoba – 2016

In 2016, there was approximately 2.8 million acres of wheat seeded in Manitoba, as reported by producers for AgriInsurance purposes (pedigree and organic production not included), down from 3.0 million acres in 2015.

The Canada Western Red Spring (CWRS) class remains the largest class of wheat grown in Manitoba.  In 2016, 79.3% of provincial acreage devoted to wheat production is sown to CWRS varieties.  This is down slightly from 86.0% in 2015.

The new wheat class Canada Northern Hard Red (CNHR) is the second largest class of wheat in Manitoba at 12.1% of the total wheat acreage. The class currently includes three varieties: Faller, Prosper and Elgin ND. This class of wheat grew as 7.8% of the total wheat acres were grown to those three varieties in 2015.

Winter wheat, which includes varieties belonging to the Canada Western Red Winter (CWRW) class, and the new Canada Western Special Purpose (CWSP) class, is the third largest category at 4.9% of total wheat acres, down from 5.3% in 2015.  Keep in mind for winter wheat, the number of acres represents what was seeded in the previous fall and does not reflect the number of acres remaining after winter injury or winterkill.

Combined, CWRS, CNHR and winter wheat account for 96.3% of total wheat acres in Manitoba in 2016 (compared to 96.1% in 2015).

The remaining 3.7% of wheat acres in 2016 are comprised of the smaller classes of wheat, including Canada Western Hard White Spring (CWHWS), Canada Western Amber Durum (CWAD), Canada Western Special Purpose (CWSP – spring varieties only), Canada Western Soft White Spring (CWSWS), Canada Prairie Spring Red (CPSR) and unregistered spring wheat varieties. There was a substantial increase in CPSR acres – approximately 59,400 acres in 2016 compared to 3900 acres in 2015. However, the other smaller classes of wheat saw decreases in 2016 acreage from 2015.

Submitted by:  Pam de Rocquigny, Provincial Cereal Crops Specialist, Manitoba Agriculture

Source: http://www.mmpp.com/mmpp.nsf/sar_varieties_2016.pdf

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Wheat Class Modernization – Changes Coming August 1, 2016

Over the past few weeks, I have spoken at a couple of crop tours.  When presenting in front of the MCVET spring wheat trials, one of the questions I asked attendees was “Who knows what is occurring on August 1, 2016?”.

The answer is the first steps of the Wheat Class Modernization by the Canadian Grain Commission. On August 1, 2016 there are 2 new classes being created: Canadian Northern Hard Red (CNHR) and Canada Western Special Purpose (CWSP).  There are many varieties moving to these 2 new classes.  Primary grade determinant tables will also come into effect August 1, 2016 and are available here:

There are also three wheat classes being eliminated on August 1, 2016:

  • Canada Western Interim Wheat (CWIW);
  • Canada Western General Purpose (CWGP); and
  • Canada Western Feed classes.

My colleague in Saskatchewan, Provincial Cereal Crops Specialist Mitchell Japp, wrote an article Wheat Class Modernizing Starts August 1, 2016.  It is a must read and covers the changes coming August 1, 2016, and includes important links to additional information.

Submitted by: Pam de Rocquigny, Provincial Cereal Crops Specialist, Manitoba Agriculture

Manitoba Agriculture website: www.manitoba.ca/agriculture
Manitoba Agriculture on Twitter: @MBGovAg
Manitoba Agriculture on YouTube: www.youtube.com/ManitobaAgriculture
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Cereal Varieties – 2015 Insured Commercial Acres

The “Cereal Varieties – 2015 Insured Commercial Acres” report is available on the Canadian Grain Commission’s web site. The report covers Manitoba, Saskatchewan, Alberta and British Columbia and shows the number of insured acres of seeded varieties of wheat, durum, barley, oats, rye and triticale (plus other crop types). The report shows total acres of each cereal crop by province. Information for wheat is further broken down by class.

The report is based on information from Manitoba Management Plus Program, Saskatchewan Crop Insurance, Alberta Agricultural Financial Services Corp. and BC Crop Insurance.

Quick facts

  • The Canadian Grain Commission’s report is based on acres insured through provincial crop insurance in the western provinces and does not reflect total acres seeded.
  • Seeded area reported reflects commercial seed production and excludes pedigreed seed and organic production.
  • In the report, classification of varieties are based on the Canadian Grain Commission’s lists of designated varieties.

Associated links

 

For further information, contact the Canadian Grain Commission – Statistics and Business Information. 

Email: [email protected]

 

 

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Acreage Seeded to the Various Wheat Classes in Manitoba – 2015

In 2015, there was approximately 3.0 million acres of wheat seeded in Manitoba, as reported by producers for AgriInsurance purposes (pedigree and organic production not included), up from 2.86 million acres in 2014.

The Canada Western Red Spring (CWRS) class remains the largest class of wheat grown in Manitoba.  In 2015, 83% of provincial acreage devoted to wheat production is sown to CWRS varieties.  This is up slightly from 2014 where 76% of wheat acres were seeded to CWRS wheat varieties.

Figure 1: Percent of Wheat Acres by Class/Category in Manitoba (2015)

Picture1

Source:  MASC 2015 Market Share Report for wheat production; does not include pedigreed & organic production.

 

The new interim wheat class, called Canada Western Interim Wheat (CWIW), is the second largest category of wheat in Manitoba at 7.8% of the total wheat acreage. The class includes three varieties: Faller, Prosper and Elgin ND.

Winter wheat, which includes varieties belonging to the Canada Western Red Winter (CWRW) and Canada Western General Purpose (CWGP) classes, is the third largest at 5.3% of total wheat acres, down from 13.6% in 2014.  Keep in mind for winter wheat, the number of acres represents what was seeded in the fall of 2013 & 2014 and does not reflect the number of acres remaining after winter injury or winterkill resulted in termination of impacted acres.

Combined, CWRS, CWIW and winter wheat account for 96.2% of total wheat acres in Manitoba in 2015, which is very similar to 2014 (95%).

The remaining 3.8% of wheat acres in 2015 are comprised of the smaller classes of wheat, including Canada Western Hard White Spring (CWHWS), Canada Western Amber Durum (CWAD), CWGP (spring varieties only), Canada Western Soft White Spring (CWSWS), Canada Prairie Spring Red (CPSR) and unregistered spring wheat varieties.

Submitted by:  Pam de Rocquigny, Provincial Cereal Crops Specialist, MAFRD

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Acreage Seeded to the Various Wheat Classes in Manitoba – 2013

In 2013, there was approximately 3.51 million acres of wheat seeded in Manitoba, as reported by producers for AgriInsurance purposes, up from 2.97 million acres in 2012.

The Canada Western Red Spring (CWRS) class remains the largest class of wheat grown in Manitoba.  In 2013, 77.0% of provincial acreage devoted to wheat production is sown to CWRS varieties (see attached figure).  This is similiar to 2012 where 76.5% of wheat acres were seeded with CWRS wheats (see attached table).

Winter wheat, which includes varieties belonging to the Canada Western Red Winter (CWRW) and Canada Western General Purpose (CWGP) classes, is the second largest acreage at 18.3% of total wheat acres,  just slightly down from 2012.  Keep in mind for winter wheat, the number of acres presented in the attached figure and table represents what was seeded in the fall of 2012 and does not reflect the number of acres remaining after poor germination issues resulted in a number of acres to be terminated.  Combined, CWRS and winter wheat account for 95.3% of total wheat acres in Manitoba in 2013. 

The remaining 4.7% of wheat acres in 2013 are comprised of the smaller classes of wheat, including Canada Western Hard White Spring (CWHWS), CWGP (spring varieties only), Canada Western Soft White Spring (CWSWS), Canada Prairie Spring – White & Red (CPSW & CPSR), Canada Western Amber Durum (CWAD), Canada Western Extra Strong (CWES) and unregistered varieties.  The largest increases were seen in the CWRS and CWGP classes.

See attached figure and table illustrating the breakdown of the various wheat classes grown in Manitoba in 2013: 

Wheat Classes in Manitoba 2013

Classess of Wheat in 2013 Compared to 2012

Submitted by:  Pam de Rocquigny, MAFRI Cereal Crops Specialist

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