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2016 Fusarium Head Blight Risk Maps On-Line!

The first Fusariam Head Blight (FHB) Risk Map of the season is posted on the Manitoba Agriculture website at Fusarium Head Blight Report.

The first map shows the risk for today, June 6, based on precipitation and temperature data the previous seven days.  Maps will be updated daily (Monday-Friday) from now until the end of the flowering period for spring wheat in the province (typically late July/early August).

Please refer to the risk maps to help decide risk to your crop, based on heading and flowering stage of your crops.  Remember the disease triangle – the existence of a disease requires three factors: the interaction of a susceptible host, a virulent pathogen, and an environment favorable for disease development. Therefore, although a risk map may show High to Extreme risk levels due to environment, disease risk may be low if the wheat crop is not at the proper stage for infection.

Depending on the weather, wheat can move through the following stages of development below in as little as five days to more than a week.  So if a fungicide for FHB suppression is planned, scout your fields daily to ensure proper timing.

Wheat Development Stages

Submitted by:  Pam de Rocquigny, Provincial Cereal Crops Specialist & Pratisara Bajracharya, Field Crop Pathologist, Manitoba
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Archived MAFRD Seasonal Reports

Crop Industry Branch staff, as well as other MAFRD staff, work each year to provides seasonal updates on what is happening in Manitoba fields and news about conditions that could affect your crops.

The various reports below are archived and available for viewing on MAFRD’s website:

The archived information will be of benefit as we try to explain what happened in 2015, how does 2015 compare to other years, and how to apply what we’ve learned to the 2016 crop year!

Submitted by: Pam de Rocquigny, Provincial Cereal Crops Specialist, MAFRD

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Understanding the Saskatchewan and Manitoba FHB Risk Maps

Written & Submitted on July 22, 2015 by: Faye Dokken-Bouchard (Plant Disease) and Mitchell Japp (Cereal Crops), Provincial Specialists, Saskatchewan & Pam de Rocquigny, Provincial Cereal Crops Specialist, Manitoba

For the first time in 2015, FHB risk maps are available in both Saskatchewan and Manitoba. At a glance, on a given day the maps may appear to indicate a different risk for growers in each province, which can be concerning for farms along the Manitoba-Saskatchewan border. However, closer examination will reveal minor differences in the models and maps useful for considering FHB risk.

In Saskatchewan, maps are created with models (depending on spring or winter wheat) using temperature and/or relative humidity in the previous 5 days, plus 2 days forecast. While in Manitoba, maps are created with a model that uses the hours of precipitation and the hours with temperatures between 15°C and 30°C during the previous 7 days. Each province then has its own categorization based on slightly different threshold values – low, moderate, high (and extreme in Manitoba) – based on the output from their respective models.

Models are also constantly validated and fine-tuned for the region where it is relevant. The model that is best for the Fusarium population and conditions in individual provinces in western Canada, or even across the border in the USA, might not be the same. However, crop scientists and pathologists continue to work together to determine how FHB risk maps can be most valuable to all farmers, including those along the border! Producers along the border may have a potential advantage in assessing risk, by using both maps and interpreting which one is most relevant for their farm. And keep in mind risk maps may not perfectly represent a producer’s individual field(s).

Regardless of the model used, no FHB risk map can be taken as a stand-alone tool to make management decisions about FHB as it only takes into account environment. The existence of disease requires 3 factors: the interaction of a susceptible host, a virulent pathogen, and an environment favourable for disease development. So although a risk map in Saskatchewan or Manitoba may show High risk due to environment, disease risk may be low if the wheat crop is not at the proper stage for infection.

We strongly encourage referring to additional information and consultation with local extension specialists and agrologists to determine if fungicide applications are needed to suppress FHB in your area.

If you have any questions on the FHB Risk maps or FHB management, please contact Manitoba Agriculture or the Saskatchewan Ministry of Agriculture.

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Remember the DISEASE TRIANGLE when using MAFRD’s FHB Risk Maps

Previously published June 2, 2014, updated June 24, 2015

MAFRD is providing daily maps on the risk of Fusarium Head Blight (FHB) infection.  The maps are available daily on MAFRD’s website at http://www.gov.mb.ca/agriculture/crops/seasonal-reports/fusarium-head-blight-report.html. The risk map produced June 24th (see below) shows how the risk for the development of  fusarium head blight has increased over the past few days based on temperature and moisture.

2015-06-24-fhb

The changes over the past week signal to producers to continually scout their fields for local conditions as their crop progresses.  But remember the disease triangle – the existence of a disease requires three factors: the interaction of a susceptible host, a virulent pathogen, and an environment favorable for disease development. Therefore, although the most current risk map shows high risk levels due to environment in some areas of the province, disease is prevented if the winter/spring wheat is not at the proper stage for infection.

Submitted by:  Pam de Rocquigny, Provincial Cereal Crops Specialist, MAFRD

 

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