Updated Cereal/Oilseed/Pulse Maps for Yield, Acreage and Seeding Date Now Available

Manitoba Agriculture’s Crop Industry Branch and MASC has updated and posted yield, acreage and seeding date maps for cereal, oilseed and pulse crops at https://www.masc.mb.ca/masc.nsf/mmpp_index.html

The maps can be found at the link above under the heading “Thematic Crop Maps“‎. Time frame in most cases is 2006 to 2015 (10 year), but 2011 to 2015 is also available for soybean, feed wheat and corn to reflect the acreage changes that occurred in the past 5 years.

Many thanks to Doug Wilcox‎ from MASC for the database, and Les Mitchell and Natalie Azure from the Crop Industry Branch who developed and created the maps for this project.

 

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Top Red Spring Wheat Varieties in Manitoba – 2014

In 2014, there was approximately 2.17 million acres of commercial red spring wheat seeded in Manitoba, as reported by producers for AgriInsurance purposes (acres do not include pedigree or organic production).

The variety Carberry, at 35.1% of Manitoba’s commercial red spring wheat acreage, was the most popular variety grown in Manitoba in 2014.  It was also the most popular variety in 2012.  Carberry was first released to producers in 2012, when it held the number four spot at 12.3% of Manitoba red spring wheat acreage.

Harvest held the second spot in 2014 at 14.9%, moving up one spot from 2013.  Harvest has consistently placed in the top 5 of most popular CWRS varieties in Manitoba over the past few years, showing its popularity with producers.  Rounding out the top 5 are Glenn at 12.1%, Cardale at 9.1%, and WR859 CL at 4.3%.  Cardale is new variety, available to producers for the first time for commercial production in 2014.  Cardale is an awned semi-dwarf variety with strong straw, good yield potential, resistant (R) to both stem and leaf rust, and has a moderately resistant (MR) rating to fusarium head blight.  It was developed by AAFC – CRC and is distributed by Seed Depot.  The top five varieties were grown on 75.5% of red spring wheat acres in Manitoba.

Rounding out the top ten are the varieties CDC Stanley, AC Domain, Muchmore, KANE and CDC Go.  The top 10 varieties together were grown on 90% of red spring wheat acres in Manitoba. The remaining 10% of acres were seeded to 49 other red spring wheat varieties, many of those newer varieties gaining in acres.

See attached figure illustrating the top red spring wheat varieties grown in Manitoba in 2014:

Top 10 CWRS Varieties Grown in Manitoba – 2014

Submitted by:  Pam de Rocquigny, MAFRD Cereal Crops Specialist

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Acreage Seeded to the Various Wheat Classes in Manitoba – 2014

In 2014, there was approximately 2.86 million acres of wheat seeded in Manitoba, as reported by producers for AgriInsurance purposes (pedigree and organic production not included), down from 3.40 million acres in 2013.

The Canada Western Red Spring (CWRS) class remains the largest class of wheat grown in Manitoba.  In 2014, 76.1% of provincial acreage devoted to wheat production is sown to CWRS varieties.  This is similar to 2013 where 77.1% of wheat acres were seeded to CWRS wheat varieties.

Winter wheat, which includes varieties belonging to the Canada Western Red Winter (CWRW) and Canada Western General Purpose (CWGP) classes, is the second largest acreage at 13.6% of total wheat acres, down from 2013.  Keep in mind for winter wheat, the number of acres presented in the attached table below represents what was seeded in the fall of 2012 & 2013 and does not reflect the number of acres remaining after winter injury resulted in termination of impacted acres.  Combined, CWRS and winter wheat account for 89.7% of total wheat acres in Manitoba in 2014, down from 95% in 2013.

The remaining 10.3% of wheat acres in 2014 are comprised of the smaller classes of wheat, including Canada Western Hard White Spring (CWHWS), CWGP (spring varieties only), Canada Western Soft White Spring (CWSWS), Canada Prairie Spring – White & Red (CPSW & CPSR) and ‘feed wheat’ varieties (as insurable by MASC and excluding the CWSWS and CWGP varieties).  The largest increases were seen in the CWGP class and feed wheat varieties.

See the attached table illustrating the breakdown of the various wheat classes grown in Manitoba in 2014 and comparisons to 2013:

Wheat Acres by Class in 2014 Compared to 2013 in Manitoba

Submitted by:  Pam de Rocquigny, MAFRD Cereal Crops Specialist

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2014 Variety Market Share Report Now Available!!

MASC has released it’s 2014 Variety Market Share Information Report.  The 2014 report is compiled from the MASC database as of August 7th.

It is available for download from MASC’s Manitoba Management Plus Program (MMPP) Web site: http://www.mmpp.com/mmpp.nsf/mmpp_index.html.

More information on the Manitoba Management Plus Program:

Producers insured by MASC AgriInsurance are required to supply their yield and management information. MASC uses this data to refine its existing programs and develop new programming, but the data is also valuable to farmers.

The Manitoba Management Plus Program (MMPP) provides producers with over 20 years of meaningful, anonymized production and management data. Producers use this information for benchmarking, marketing assessment and improved farm management decision making.  Data is available in a number of publications and tools:

  • MMPP Publications:  Yield Manitoba is published annually in February as a joint publication between the Manitoba Co-operator and MASC.
  • Regional Analysis Tools:  The MMPP regional analysis tools enable farmers, researchers and agribusiness to access and pull out useful, unbiased and real world regional yield and management information from these historic records.
  • Management Information:  MMPP also researches agricultural methods such as crop rotations and seeding dates and their effects on production.
  • Map Tools:  MMPP has produced hundreds of thematic maps over the years that describe the ‘ground truth’ of agriculture in Manitoba.

Submitted by:  Pam de Rocquigny, Provincial Cereal Crops Specialist

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Should I Be Cancelling My Soybean Seed?

Answer (provided by Dennis Lange, MAFRI Farm Production Advisor at Altona):

 Before you considering cancelling you soybean seed, here are a few things to consider:

  1. Variety Choice:  Is the variety suited for your growing region? If you chose a variety based on maturity ( found in Seed Manitoba 2013) and you are planting in May, you should reach  maturity  before reaching a killing frost, based on a normal growing season.
  2. Soil temperature: Soybeans like warm soils to germinate and grow. The warmer the soil, the quicker the beans come out of the ground.  For example, with soil temperatures at 10°C soybeans  take 14-17 days to emerge  vs. 7-10 days when soil temperatures are at 15°C.
  3. Seeding Date: Know the seeding deadlines in your growing region. If in Soybean Area 1, full coverage deadline is June 6. If in Soybean Areas 2, 3 or new crop insurance test area, your deadline is May 30. For further information contact MASC to determine which area you are in. Table 1: Soybean Yields by Seeding Date (2008-2012)

Using MASC seeding information from 2008-2012, yield potential differs depending on seeding date by Risk area.  

  • Risk Area 12 (includes Red River Valley) – highest yield potential was seeded during the 2nd week of May. 
  • In Western Manitoba:
  • Risk Area 1 – best yields when seeded in the 4th week of May, followed by week 3
  • Risk Area 2 – best yields in the 2nd week of May, with weeks 3 and 4 equal
  • Risk Area 3 – best yields in the 3rd week of May, followed by the 4th and 2nd weeks
  • Risk Area 4 – best yields in the 2nd week of May, with yields dropping in 4th week
  • Risk area 15 – similar to Risk Area 4 trends with best week the 2nd and yields dropping in the 4th week of May 

 In conclusion, if you are planting a variety that is suited for your growing region and planting in May, you should be confident that growing soybeans this year is still the right decision. Beans like warm soil so typically, planting in the 2nd or 3rd week of May when soil temperatures are warmer, allows the beans to get out of the ground quicker. But, waiting until June to plant, increases the risk of fall frost damage and yield reductions.

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The Month of May is A Good Time to Seed Canola

Question: When is the ‘Right’ Time to Seed Canola?

Answer (submitted by Anastasia Kubinec, MAFRI Oilseed Crop Specialist):

The ‘right’ date to seed canola will change every year in Manitoba.  Earlier works in some years, but not all. 

To set your canola crop up for a good start in all years, fields should be monitored to assess when machinery can successfully get across and when soil temperatures are warm for quick seedling establishment (average 5C or higher). Also, planning seeding dates to avoid the last spring frost, or have canola seedlings at a stage where they can handle a frost event better (3 to 4 leaf canola is less susceptible than at the cotyledon stage).

Looking at the Manitoba Agricultural Services Corporation (www.masc.mb.ca) data on canola seeding date and yield (2000-12), most of May looks pretty good as a seeding date. For the first three weeks (May 1-22), canola yields regionally are above 100%.  In the fourth week of May (May 23-31), yields are around 95% or higher (see  Table 1: Manitoba Canola Yields by Seeding Date (2000-2012)). 

Looking at the acres seeded, it shows Manitoba farmers typically do seed the majority of the canola crop in May (64 – 89% depending on region). Figure 1: Manitoba Canola Acres Seeded by Week (2000-2012).  So for the most part, Manitoba farmers have the timelines for the ‘best’ seeding dates figured out pretty well (if the weather co-operates).  But please remember the other factors that will boost establishment and yields – not seeding too fast, not putting seeds too deep (or shallow) and proper fertilizer placement and amounts. Even though the entire month of May looks good for seeding canola, we usually only get one chance to do it right!  

 

 

 

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