Updated Cereal/Oilseed/Pulse Maps for Yield, Acreage and Seeding Date Now Available

Manitoba Agriculture’s Crop Industry Branch and MASC has updated and posted yield, acreage and seeding date maps for cereal, oilseed and pulse crops at https://www.masc.mb.ca/masc.nsf/mmpp_index.html

The maps can be found at the link above under the heading “Thematic Crop Maps“‎. Time frame in most cases is 2006 to 2015 (10 year), but 2011 to 2015 is also available for soybean, feed wheat and corn to reflect the acreage changes that occurred in the past 5 years.

Many thanks to Doug Wilcox‎ from MASC for the database, and Les Mitchell and Natalie Azure from the Crop Industry Branch who developed and created the maps for this project.

 

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Acreage Seeded to the Various Wheat Classes in Manitoba – 2014

In 2014, there was approximately 2.86 million acres of wheat seeded in Manitoba, as reported by producers for AgriInsurance purposes (pedigree and organic production not included), down from 3.40 million acres in 2013.

The Canada Western Red Spring (CWRS) class remains the largest class of wheat grown in Manitoba.  In 2014, 76.1% of provincial acreage devoted to wheat production is sown to CWRS varieties.  This is similar to 2013 where 77.1% of wheat acres were seeded to CWRS wheat varieties.

Winter wheat, which includes varieties belonging to the Canada Western Red Winter (CWRW) and Canada Western General Purpose (CWGP) classes, is the second largest acreage at 13.6% of total wheat acres, down from 2013.  Keep in mind for winter wheat, the number of acres presented in the attached table below represents what was seeded in the fall of 2012 & 2013 and does not reflect the number of acres remaining after winter injury resulted in termination of impacted acres.  Combined, CWRS and winter wheat account for 89.7% of total wheat acres in Manitoba in 2014, down from 95% in 2013.

The remaining 10.3% of wheat acres in 2014 are comprised of the smaller classes of wheat, including Canada Western Hard White Spring (CWHWS), CWGP (spring varieties only), Canada Western Soft White Spring (CWSWS), Canada Prairie Spring – White & Red (CPSW & CPSR) and ‘feed wheat’ varieties (as insurable by MASC and excluding the CWSWS and CWGP varieties).  The largest increases were seen in the CWGP class and feed wheat varieties.

See the attached table illustrating the breakdown of the various wheat classes grown in Manitoba in 2014 and comparisons to 2013:

Wheat Acres by Class in 2014 Compared to 2013 in Manitoba

Submitted by:  Pam de Rocquigny, MAFRD Cereal Crops Specialist

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Acreage Seeded to the Various Wheat Classes in Manitoba – 2013

In 2013, there was approximately 3.51 million acres of wheat seeded in Manitoba, as reported by producers for AgriInsurance purposes, up from 2.97 million acres in 2012.

The Canada Western Red Spring (CWRS) class remains the largest class of wheat grown in Manitoba.  In 2013, 77.0% of provincial acreage devoted to wheat production is sown to CWRS varieties (see attached figure).  This is similiar to 2012 where 76.5% of wheat acres were seeded with CWRS wheats (see attached table).

Winter wheat, which includes varieties belonging to the Canada Western Red Winter (CWRW) and Canada Western General Purpose (CWGP) classes, is the second largest acreage at 18.3% of total wheat acres,  just slightly down from 2012.  Keep in mind for winter wheat, the number of acres presented in the attached figure and table represents what was seeded in the fall of 2012 and does not reflect the number of acres remaining after poor germination issues resulted in a number of acres to be terminated.  Combined, CWRS and winter wheat account for 95.3% of total wheat acres in Manitoba in 2013. 

The remaining 4.7% of wheat acres in 2013 are comprised of the smaller classes of wheat, including Canada Western Hard White Spring (CWHWS), CWGP (spring varieties only), Canada Western Soft White Spring (CWSWS), Canada Prairie Spring – White & Red (CPSW & CPSR), Canada Western Amber Durum (CWAD), Canada Western Extra Strong (CWES) and unregistered varieties.  The largest increases were seen in the CWRS and CWGP classes.

See attached figure and table illustrating the breakdown of the various wheat classes grown in Manitoba in 2013: 

Wheat Classes in Manitoba 2013

Classess of Wheat in 2013 Compared to 2012

Submitted by:  Pam de Rocquigny, MAFRI Cereal Crops Specialist

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Top Red Spring Wheat Varieties in Manitoba – 2013

In 2013, there was approximately 2.6 million acres of commercial red spring wheat seeded in Manitoba, as reported by producers for AgriInsurance purposes.

The variety Carberry, at 31.7% of Manitoba’s commercial red spring wheat acreage, was the most popular variety grown in Manitoba in 2013.  Carberry was first released to producers in 2012, when it held the number four spot at 12.3% of Manitoba red spring wheat acreage.  Carberry is a semi-dwarf variety with strong straw, good yield potential and has a moderately resistant (MR) rating to fusarium head blight.  It was developed by AAFC – SPARC and is distributed by SeCan.

Glenn again held the second spot in 2013 at 16.7%, as it did in 2012.  Harvest came in at third place (13.7%), dropping from the number one spot it held in 2012.  Rounding out the top 5 are KANE at 6.5% and WR859 CL at 5.1%.  The top five varieties of Carberry, Glenn, Harvest, KANE and WR859 CL were grown on 74% of red spring wheat acres in Manitoba. 

Rounding out the top ten are the varieties CDC Stanley, AC Domain, CDC Utmost VB, CDC Go and AC Barrie .  The older varieties of AC Domain and AC Barrie continue to see a decline in acres.  The newer varieties of CDC Stanley and CDC Utmost VB saw an increase in acres and are varieties in the top ten for the first time in 2013.  The top 10 varieties together were grown on 89% of red spring wheat acres in Manitoba. The remaining 11% of acres were seeded to 43 other red spring wheat varieties, many of those newer varieties gaining in acres in Manitoba.

See attached figure illustrating the top red spring wheat varieties grown in Manitoba in 2013:  Top Red Spring Wheat Varieties Grown in Manitoba – 2013

Submitted by:  Pam de Rocquigny, MAFRI Cereal Crops Specialist

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Which week do we see the bulk of grain corn planting activity?

Figure 2 – Percent of grain corn acres seeded per week in Manitoba (2008 – 2012) shows when grain corn acres have been planted in Manitoba over the past five years on a weekly basis.  Seeding date is presented along the x-axis.  The first number represents the week of the month while the second number represents the month.  So 1:04 is the first week of April, 2:04 is the second week of April and so on.  The y-axis shows the percentage of acres seeded in that particular week.  The solid black line represents the 5-year average from 2008 to 2012.   The figure was created using MASC seeding data from 2008 to 2012 , where data is for final insured crop in the ground.

In looking at the 5-year average, the third week of May (3:05) has seen the most planting activity in a one week time frame.  Therefore, one could argue that planting the third week of May is ‘normal’ when looking at the past 5 years.

This data also illustrates how many acres can be seeded in a short period of time.  For example, in 2011 there was 68% of the total grain acres seeded during the third week of May.  This equated to about 119, 000 acres of grain corn planted in that one week time frame, or 17,000 acres per day.  So we can see that once conditions are conducive to planting, producers are able to plant a large amount of acres in a short time frame.

For information on grain corn seeding deadlines, grain corn insurance areas, dollar values and any restrictions that may apply to crop coverage for the 2013 season, check with your local MASC agent or visit MASC’s website: http://www.masc.mb.ca/masc.nsf/crop_summaries.html

Submitted by:  Pam de Rocquigny, MAFRI Cereal Crops Specialist

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Historically, when is grain corn planted in Manitoba?

Using MASC seeding data from 2008 to 2012 , where data is for final insured crop in the ground, we can see when grain corn acres have typically been planted in Manitoba.

Figure 1- Percent of grain corn acres seeded per month in Manitoba (2008 – 2012) illustrates when grain corn acres were planted in the months of April, May and June.  The 5-year average shows that majority of acres were planted in May (81%), followed by April (17%) and June (2%).   In early years like 2012, we saw 39% (106, 000) of acres planted in April.  However, 3 out of 5 years (2011, 2009 and 2008), majority of grain corn acres were planted in May.  There are not many acres planted in June as AgriInsurance seeding deadlines are at the end of May, with a few exceptions of insurance areas or extended seeding deadlines. 

For information on grain corn seeding deadlines, grain corn insurance areas, dollar values and any restrictions that may apply to crop coverage for the 2013 season, check with your local MASC agent or visit MASC’s website: http://www.masc.mb.ca/masc.nsf/crop_summaries.html

Submitted by:  Pam de Rocquigny, MAFRI Cereal Crops Specialist

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Top Winter Wheat Varieties in Manitoba – 2012

In 2012, there was 593,906 acres of commercial winter wheat seeded in Manitoba, as reported by producers for AgriInsurance purposes.

The variety CDC Falcon, at 68.0% of Manitoba’s commercial winter wheat acreage, was the most popular variety grown in Manitoba in 2012.  CDC Falcon has held the top spot in Manitoba since 2002.  Its popularity remains consistent in Manitoba due to its shorter stature, strong straw and good yield potential.  It was developed by the Plant Science Department, University of Saskatchewan and is distributed by SeCan.   CDC Falcon currently still belongs to the Canada Western Red Winter (CWRW) class but will transition to the Canada Western General Purpose (CWGP) class August 1, 2014.

Second spot goes to the variety CDC Buteo grown on 17.7% of Manitoba’s acreage.  CDC Buteo has held the second place spot since 2007 and this variety belongs to the CWRW class.  It was also developed by the Plant Science Department, University of Saskatchewan and is distributed by SeCan.

Third spot is held by CDC Ptarmigan at 4.2% of the acreage.  CDC Ptarmigan held the number four spot in 2011 and 2010.  This variety belongs to the CWGP class and is a soft white kernel type.  It was developed by the Plant Science Department, University of Saskatchewan and is distributed by Western Ag.

The varieties of McClintock (CWRW) and Peregrine (CWGP) round out the top 5 varieties grown in Manitoba in 2012.  The top 5 varieties were grown on 94.8% of winter wheat acres in Manitoba.

The remaining 5.2% of acres were seeded to 14 winter wheat varieties, including older varieties such as CDC Harrier, CDC Kestrel and CDC Raptor, and newer varieties such as Sunrise, Accipiter and Broadview.

With CDC Falcon still belonging to the CWRW class, CWRW varieties continue to be grown on a large percentage of acres in Manitoba.  In 2012, 88.8% of winter wheat acres were seeded to CWRW varieties as compared to 11.2% of acres that were seeded to CWGP varieties.  This may change substantially once CDC Falcon is moved from the CWRW class to the CWGP class as of August 1, 2014.

See attached figure illustrating the top winter wheat varieties grown in Manitoba in 2012:  Top Winter Wheat Varieties in Manitoba – 2012

Submitted by:  Pam de Rocquigny, MAFRI Cereal Crops Specialist

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Top Red Spring Wheat Varieties in Manitoba – 2012

In 2012, there was approximately 2.2 million acres of commercial red spring wheat seeded in Manitoba, as reported by producers for AgriInsurance purposes.

The variety Harvest, at 18.4% of Manitoba’s commercial red spring wheat acreage, was the most popular variety grown in Manitoba in 2012.  Harvest held the second spot in 2011 and 2010 and third spot in 2009.  Harvest was registered in 2002 and was released commercially to producers in 2004.  It has been a popular variety over the recent years, particularly on the western side of Manitoba.  It was developed by AAFC – CRC and is distributed by FP Genetics. 

Second spot goes to the variety Glenn grown on 18.2% of Manitoba’s acreage.  Glenn held the third place spot in 2011 and 2010 and eighth spot in 2009.  Glenn was also commercially released to Manitoba producers in 2009.  It was developed by NDSU and is distributed by CANTERRA SEEDS.

Third spot is held by the variety KANE at 14.1% of the acreage.  KANE was the number one variety based on market share in 2011, 2010 and 2009 (the year it was commercially released).  It was developed by AAFC – CRC and is distributed by SeCan.

Carberry, which was first released to producers in 2012, held the number four spot at 12.3% of Manitoba acreage.  Carberry is a semi-dwarf variety with strong straw, good yield potential and has a moderately resistant (MR) rating to fusarium head blight.  It was developed by AAFC – SPARC and is distributed by SeCan.

The top four varieties of Harvest, Glenn, KANE and Carberry were grown on 64% of red spring wheat acres in Manitoba. 

Rounding out the top 10 are the varieties AC Domain, AC Barrie, WR859 CL, 5603HR, CDC Go and 5602HR.  The older varieties AC Domain and AC Barrie continue to see a decline in acres while the newer varieties of WR859 CL and 5603HR saw an increase in acres from 2011.  The top 10 varieties together were grown on 88% of red spring wheat acres in Manitoba.

The remaining 12% of acres were seeded to 42 red spring wheat varieties, many of those newer varieties gaining in acres in Manitoba.

See attached figure illustrating the top red spring wheat varieties grown in Manitoba in 2012:  Top Red Spring Wheat Varieties Grown in Manitoba – 2012

Submitted by:  Pam de Rocquigny, MAFRI Cereal Crops Specialist

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